4 freedom in an era of terror: a critical analysis of the usa patriot act introduction on september 11, 2001, the united states was attacked in a brutally violent way. Intelligence, terrorism, and civil liberties vol 29 no 1 by kate martin kate martin is director of the center for national security studies, a nonprofit human rights and civil liberties organization in washington, dc, that works to prevent claims of national security from eroding civil liberties or constitutional procedures. Congress declared its commitment to protecting americans' civil rights and civil liberties in the quest to identify, locate, and bring to justice the perpetrators and sponsors of the terrorist attacks, but the patriot act has sparked fierce debate proponents say the act enhances national security. Our constitution, laws, and values are the foundation of our strength and security yet, after the attacks of september 11, 2001, our government engaged in systematic policies of torture, targeted killing, indefinite detention, mass surveillance, and religious discrimination.
The patriot act amended many existing us statutes, including immigration laws, banking laws, anti-money laundering laws, and the 1978 foreign intelligence surveillance act (fisa. The web site also includes an issues page which analyzes provisions of the usa patriot act and federal executive orders in the context of the bill of rights of the us constitution usa patriot act. The patriot act, however, amends the wiretap act to allow any investigative or law enforcement officer or government attorney to obtain foreign intelligence information that relates to the ability of the united states to protect against terrorism. Usa patriot act summary the usa patriot act is an acronym for uniting and strengthening america by providing appropriate tools required to intercept and obstruct terrorism the usa patriot act was passed by congress as a response to the terrorist attacks of september 11.
The concerned citizens against the patriot act (ccapa) argues the patriot act contravenes the us bill of rights they argue that although the federal government is required by the provisions of the constitution to respect individual citizen’s basic rights, the most significant guarantees for individual civil rights are contained in the bill. The civil rights act of 1964 - before the civil rights act of 1964, segregation in the united states was commonly practiced in many of the southern and border states. The bill of rights affects the united states today by establishing our rights and duties, and the rights and duties of the government the united states bill of rights effects us citizens in a. People in the united states, hold civil rights, which are those privileges, immunities and rights held by all americans and political rights, which are the rights that are restricted to those who are entitled to participate in elections, as candidates or voters. The 1996 anti-terrorism act allowed the use of secret evidence to deport individuals on the theory that the need to protect intelligence information outweighs an individual’s basic due process right to see the evidence against him.
Wiretapping 3 abstract in 2001, the patriot act was passed to provide new tools to combat terrorism chief among these new tools is the intelligence gathering method known as wiretapping. The united states is committed to domestic implementation of us human rights obligations, including mainstreaming human rights into domestic policy and engaging in robust dialogue with us civil society partners on us human rights implementation. In the first major legalchallenge to the patriot act, the american civil liberties union (aclu) filed a lawsuit in july 2003 against section 215 searches the suit argues that these searches violate the fourth amendment's protection against unreasonable searches and seizures as well as first amendment freedoms of speech and association. The aclu eventually dropped its suit in 2006 after congress revised the law in the usa patriot act improvements and reauthorization act litigation continued on the. A comparative analysis of the usa patriot act of 2001 to the usa freedom act of 2015: balancing security with liberty this thesis is dedicated to the united states citizens who had their civil rights violated because of when the british government began ignoring the basic rights and privileges of its citizens the 1 lane, f s (2009.
In enacting the usa patriot act, the intelligence authorization act for fiscal year 2002, and the intelligence reform and terrorism prevention act of 2004, congress provided the government with vital tools that it has used regularly and effectively in its war on terrorism. Many democratic countries have become increasingly willing to take severe measures against the rising threat of international terrorism the terrorist attacks on september 11, 2001 and other major terrorist attacks throughout the world demonstrate that in the 21st century, the threat of terrorism. The people, who favor the current state of the patriot act, have completely failed to realize that the strength of the us democracy lies in the unique system of the checks and balances that exist between different branches of the government.
What is the usa patriot act the “uniting and strengthening america by providing appropriate tools required to intercept and obstruct terrorism” act, or usa patriot act, was introduced less than a week after september 11, 2001, and was signed into law on october 26, 2001. To protect the american people, congress must promptly renew all provisions of the usa patriot act”99 in april 2005, gonzales eventually admitted that the act probably needed “some adjustments”100 the white house subsequently carried on its defence of the act, but avoided bringing any unecessary attention to the issue.
The usa patriot act is an antiterrorism law enacted by the us congress in october 2001, at the request of then-president george w bush in response to the terrorist attacks that took place on sept 11, 2001, in new york and washington, dc often referred to simply as the patriot act, it was. Usa patriot is an acronym for uniting and strengthening america by providing appropriate tools required to intercept and obstruct terrorism generally referred to as the patriot act, it was signed. The first draft of what will later be called the patriot act is introduced to congress [us congress, 9/19/2001] however, due to congressional opposition of its broad powers, the act is revised and reintroduced on october 2 (see october 2, 2001)[houston chronicle, 10/7/2001.